Reading and Resources
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Vision Health Initiative (VHI). Common eye disorders. https://www.cdc.gov/visionhealth/basics/ced/index.html
American Academy of Ophthalmology. Age-Related Macular Degeneration PPP—2019. https://www.aao.org/preferred-practice-pattern/age-related-macular-degeneration-ppp. Accessed April 3, 2020.
American Optometric Association. Care of the Patient with Age-Related Macular Degeneration (CPG-6). https://www.aoa.org/documents/optometrists/CPG-6.pdf. https://www.aoa.org/optometrists/tools-and-resources/clinical-care-publications/clinical-practice-guidelines. Accessed April 6, 2020.
Cheung CM, Wong TY. Is age-related macular degeneration a manifestation of systemic disease? New prospects for early intervention and treatment. J Intern Med. 2014;276(2):140-153.
Cunningham J. Recognizing age-related macular degeneration in primary care. JAAPA. 2017;30(3):18-22.
Davis MD, Gangnon RE, Lee LY, et al. The Age-Related Eye Disease Study severity scale for age-related macular degeneration: AREDS Report No. 17. Arch Ophthalmol. 2005;123:1484-1498.
Ferris FL, Davis MD, Clemons TE, et al. A simplified severity scale for age-related macular degeneration: AREDS Report No. 18. Arch Ophthalmol. 2005;123:1570-1574.
Gerson J; Clinical Advisory Committee. Practical guidelines for the treatment of AMD. Rev Optometry (Suppl). 2017. https://www.reviewofoptometry.com/publications/ro1017-practical-guidelines-for-the-treatment-of-amd. Accessed April 3, 2020.
Michalska-Malecka K, Kabiesz A, Nowak M, Spiewak D. Age related macular degeneration—challenge for future: pathogenesis and new perspectives for the treatment. Eur Geriatr Med. 2015;6(1):69-75.
Neely DC, Bray KJ, Huisingh CE, et al. Prevalence of undiagnosed age-related macular degeneration in primary eye care. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2017;135(6):570-575.
Owsley C, Huisingh C, Clark ME, et al. Comparison of visual function in older eyes in the earliest stages of age-related macular degeneration to those in normal macular health. Curr Eye Res. 2016;41:266-272.
Owsley C, Huisingh C, Jackson GR, et al. Associations between abnormal rod-mediated dark adaptation and health and functioning in older adults with normal macular health. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2017;55:4776-4789.
Richer S, Ulanski L, Natalia A, Popenko NA, et al. Age-related macular degeneration beyond the Age-related Eye Disease Study II. Adv Ophthalmol Optometry. 2016;1(1):335-369.
Velez-Montoya R, Oliver SC, Olson JL, et al. Current knowledge and trends in age-related macular degeneration: genetics, epidemiology, and prevention. Retina. 2014;34(3):423–441.
American Optometric Association. Age-related macular degeneration. https://www.aoa.org/patients-and-public/eye-and-vision-problems/glossary-of-eye-and-vision-conditions/macular-degeneration.
American Society of Retina Specialists (ASRS) https://www.asrs.org/patients
CDC. Learn about age-related macular degeneration. https://www.cdc.gov/features/healthyvisionmonth/index.html
National Eye Institute (NEI). Age-related macular degeneration. https://www.nei.nih.gov/learn-about-eye-health/eye-conditions-and-diseases/age-related-macular-degeneration
Resources from Professional Organizations and Foundations
American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) https://www.aao.org/about/who-we-are/overview
American Macular Degeneration Foundation (AMDF) https://www.macular.org/
American Optometric Association (AOA) https://www.aoa.org/patients-and-public
American Society of Retina Specialists (ASRS) https://www.asrs.org/
BrightFocus Foundation https://www.brightfocus.org/macular
Foundation Fighting Blindness https://www.fightingblindness.org/diseases/age-related-macular-degeneration
Macular Degeneration Foundation https://eyesight.org/
National Eye Institute (NEI) https://www.nei.nih.gov/
World Health Organization (WHO). Priority eye diseases: Age-related macular degeneration. https://www.who.int/blindness/causes/priority/en/index7.html